Introduction to Sustainable Development Goals
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a universal plan for all countries to mitigate poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. They are a set of 17 goals which include 169 targets, and 232 distinct indicators. India’s stand on SDGs affirms to its commitment for the goals of eradication of poverty, inclusive urban development and opportunities for all, enhancing productivity, increasing competitiveness and innovation, technological advancements, and urban resilience. The Government of India’s national policies, missions, and programmes—Smart Cities Mission, Atal Mission for Rejuvenation of Urban Transformation (AMRUT), Swachh Bharat Mission, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, NULM, and Rurban mission—are the key ones consistent with the national goals. India ranks 117 and has an overall score index of 66 percent on the SDGs. The country has impressively progressed on the SDGs since its adoption in the year 2015. As per the NITI Aayog’s SDG Index Report 2021, the country has made a significant progress especially in SDG 1(no poverty), SDG 6 (clean water and sanitation), SDG 8 (decent work and economic growth), SDG 11 (sustainable cities and communities), and SDG 13 (climate action) between 2019 and 2020.